Advanced Vehicle Systems
Historically, active and passive vehicle safety features have been treated separately. However, a more integrated approach is now common, where vehicles are equipped with a range of passive and active safety features which work together to firstly reduce the likelihood of an RTI, and secondly to reduce the severity of associated injuries if an RTI does occur.
Some technologies (such as ESC and ISA) have been extensively researched by academic and commercial bodies. Assessments of these technologies suggest that an excellent benefit to cost ratio in terms of road safety can be achieved with their implementation.
The potential savings in Road Traffic Incident (RTI) costs for a 100 per cent take up of Electronic Stability Control (ESC) amounts to some £959 million by preventing some 7,800 RTIs.
(Frampton and Thomas, 2007)
The safety effects that current Intelligent Speed Adaptation (ISA) technology can deliver are already impressive. Research has shown that non-overridable intervening ISA could deliver a 37 per cent reduction in fatal RTIs in the UK.
(Goodwin et al, 2006)
Brake Assist Systems (BASs) can potentially reduce fatal RTIs by 4 per cent in Europe.
(Broughton et al, 2009)
It has been calculated that the fitment of Daylight Running Lights (DRLs) to cars in EU countries could lead to an annual reduction of 2,800 deaths.
When comparing similar vehicles between 2010 and 2014, it was found that vehicles that were equipped with Forward Collision Warning (FCW) had a reduced involvement in rear end collisions by 27%. (Cicchino, 2017)
A study found a 38% overall reduction in rear-end crashes for vehicles fitted with Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB), when compared to a comparison sample of similar vehicles.
- Date Added: 03 Apr 2012, 08:19 AM
- Last Update: 21 Aug 2017, 12:15 PM