Young Driver Safety: A Review of Behaviour Change Techniques for Future Interventions

  • Published: RAC Foundation, March 2017
  • Authors: Suliman M
  • Date Added: 12 Jan 2018
  • Last Update: 12 Jan 2018
  • Format: pdf


The aim of the review was to evaluate the evidence to support the different types of behaviour change techniques in other areas of health, in order to inform the development of road safety interventions aimed at young novice drivers and pre-drivers


A literature review was undertaken to identify articles in the health domain which referred to behaviour change techniques (BCTs). The focus was on recent studies that had been used to change behaviour with regard to obesity, physical exercise, diet and nutrition, as well as drug use. The original intention was to focus on adolescent behaviour, but in order to increase the evidence base, the review was extended to include adults and children

Key Findings:

  • Recent research has identified that most pre-driver and young driver educational interventions do not have the desired impact and that this could be because of an absence of appropriate behaviour change techniques (BCTs).

  • A review set out to investigate which BCTs were most commonly associated with effective interventions in other areas of public health.

  • The review found strong evidence regarding the efficacy of BCTs related to goal-setting; self-monitoring of behaviour; proving information on consequences; social support; providing instruction’ and providing feedback on performance.

  • It was recommended that these BCTs were incorporated into young driver interventions to improve the changes of successfully achieving behaviour change.