A simulator study investigating how motorcyclists approach side-road hazards

  • Published: Accident Analysis and Prevention 51 (2013) 42-50
  • Authors: Crundall, A.W. Stedmon, R. Saikayasit, D. Crundall
  • Date Added: 01 Feb 2017
  • Last Update: 01 Feb 2017
  • Format: html


To demonstrate whether riders of differing experience and training approach side roads differently, and whether this can be identified in a motorcycle simulator.


Sixty-one participants, comprising 20 Novice riders, 21 Experienced riders and 20 Advanced riders were recruited to undertake a simulator test of a virtual route.

Side roads were present on the virtual route, with car hazards emerging from some side roads. Participants were asked to ride the route as they would in the real world and lateral position from the centre of the road and speed were recorded.

Key Findings:

  • The Advanced riders (those had undertaken advanced training) mainly adopted a strategy which most riding instructors would consider to reflect safe practice when approaching junctions, riding closer to the central line than Novices (post CBT and preparing for DSA motorcycle test or had passed in previous 12 months).

  • The Experienced riders (more than three years’ experience) chose faster speeds, especially when approaching open junctions or when the junction apparently did not contain another vehicle. The Experienced riders collided most often with the hazard vehicle.

  • The study concluded that it could be possible to train motorcyclists to approach side junctions in a manner that may reduce their crash liability.


Simulator, Motorcycle, Hazard, Junction, Driving