Managing Personal Mobility Devices (PMDs) On Non motorized Facilities

  • Published: Victoria Transport Policy Institute, 2010
  • Authors: T. Litman and R. Blair
  • Date Added: 13 Jun 2013
  • Last Update: 13 Jun 2013
  • Format: pdf


  • Examine the various types of activities and modes that may use non-motorised facilities;

  • Discuss potential conflicts among these uses;

  • Describe general principles for managing non-motorised facility use; and,

  • Describe appropriate planning, management and education strategies for minimising problems.


Good practice guidance.

Key Findings:

  • There is an increasing variety of modes that are requesting permission to operate on Non-motorised facilities, including Personal Mobility Devices (PMDs) (small wheeled devices that provide personal mobility such as wheelchairs, skateboards and skates) and Electric Personal Assistive Mobility Devices (EPAMDs) such as Segways.

  • It can be difficult to categorise these devices since they have diverse features and uses.

  • It is increasingly important for transport planners and public officials to decide how non-motorised facilities should be managed, including where and when specific modes and activities should be allowed, the rules each should follow, and how such rules should be promoted and enforced.

  • Because space requirements and risk increase with speed, speed regulation is important for PMD facility management.

  • Effective education and enforcement are important for non-motorised facility management. Signs, brochures and maps can help educate users concerning how to share facilities, how non-motorised traffic rules are enforced, and how to report violations.


Personal Mobility Devices, Electric Personal Assistive Mobility Devices, Non motorised facilities.


US document which outlines the considerations that need to made when allowing motorised vehicles on non-motorised facilities.