A Prospective study of children as car passengers in road traffic accidents with respect to restraint effectiveness

  • Published: Acta Pediatrica, Vol76, Issue s339, Oct 1987
  • Authors: H. Gustafsson, Å. Nygren and C. Tingvall
  • Date Added: 09 Apr 2012
  • Last Update: 23 Jul 2013
  • Format: html

Objectives:

To assess the types of injuries suffered by child car passengers and the effectiveness of child car restraints in preventing such injuries.

Methodology:

Epidemiological study of injuries to children as car passengers in road traffic accidents.

Key Findings:

  • Protective measures should be focused on the head region, as both fatal and disabling injuries occur mainly in this part of the body.

  • Unrestrained children at greatest risk; children in rear-facing child restraints at lowest risk. The injury risk for children aged 0 – 4 years was almost 5 times greater in a forward-facing child restraint than in a rearward-facing one.

  • Rearward-facing seats were 90% effective and forward-facing seats in rear outboard position were 60% effective at reducing injuries.

  • Forward-facing seats distinctly more effective in frontal collisions than in side impacts. All the seats were boosters, ie no internal harness.

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