Car restraints and seating position for prevention of motor vehicle injuries in Greece
- Published: Arch Dis Child; 78(4): 335–339, April 1998
- Authors: E Petridou, A Skalkidou, I Lescohier, D Trichopoulos
- Date Added: 09 Apr 2012
- Last Update: 23 Jul 2013
To assess the protective effect of child restraints and the relative safety of front and rear seating in a population where children often travel unrestrained.
A population control study of children aged 0–11 years injured as car passengers in a motor vehicle accident in 1996 and treated at one of the two major children’s hospitals in Athens, and an observational study of a random sample of 191 children of the same age travelling in cars.
The Odds Ratio for injury was 3.3 among unrestrained children compared with restrained children (comparison essentially limited to children aged 0–4 years).
The Odds Ratio for injury was 5.0 for children seated in the front compared with those seated in the rear (comparison essentially limited among unrestrained children).
In Greece about two thirds of all childhood injuries from car crashes could have been avoided through the regular use of a proper child restraint.
In the absence of a child restraint system, a rear seating position conveys substantial protection and could explain the low mortality of children as car passengers in Greece, a country which is characterised by a high overall road traffic mortality as well.