Pre-driver Education: A critical review of the Literature on Attitude Change and Development, Good Practice in Pre-driver Education and Programme Effectiveness

  • Published: Department for Transport, Road Safety Research Report, March 2007
  • Authors: Deighton, C, Luther, R
  • Date Added: 03 Apr 2012
  • Last Update: 12 Jan 2018
  • Format: pdf


The purpose of this report is to provide a self-contained copy of the critical review of the fundamental and applied literature on attitude development and change, good practice in pre-driver education provision and evaluation.


Over a two-month period, the study team collected and reviewed 189 papers and contacted key researchers within national and international academic establishments. The initial development of a set of 23 research questions, linked to the study objectives, ensured that this process remained focused.

Key findings:

  • The literature review identified a complex set of factors that may influence the relationship between attitudes and behaviour.

  • An identification of the key influences that pre-driver education can and should address is a key challenge to this project.

  • While it is important that the industry understands the complexity of the attitude behaviour relationship, there is a need to ensure that this issue does not result in inaction.