Child Passenger Safety
- Published: Pediatrics 2011; 127;788, March 2011
- Authors: American Academy of Pediatrics
- Date Added: 03 Apr 2012
- Last Update: 23 Jul 2013
To provide evidence-based recommendations for best practice in the choice of a child restraint system to optimize safety in passenger vehicles for children from birth to adolescence.
Child passenger safety has dramatically evolved over the past decade, but motor vehicle crashes remain a leading cause of death of children 4 years and older.
Best practice recommendations for a child restraint systems to optimize safety in passenger vehicles for children from birth through adolescence are:
rearfacing car safety seats for most infants up to 2 years of age.
forward-facing car safety seats for most children through 4 years of age.
belt-positioning booster seats for most children through 8 years of age.
lap-and-shoulder seat belts for all who have outgrown booster seats.
all children younger than 13 years to ride in the rear seats of vehicles.
Every transition from one type of child restraint to another is associated with some decrease in protection; therefore, parents should be encouraged to delay these transitions for as long as possible.
The American Academy of Pediatrics urges all paediatricians to know and promote these recommendations as part of child passenger safety anticipatory guidance at every health-supervision visit.