Seat Belts and Child Restraints: A Road Safety Manual for Decision-makers, and Practitioners
- Published: World Health Organisation, 2009
- Authors: World Health Organisation
- Date Added: 03 Apr 2012
- Last Update: 14 Feb 2016
To provide advice and examples that will lead to increased use of seat belts and child restraints as safety devices at a national level.
Literature Review, Case Studies and Good Practice Guide.
Seat belts save lives and significantly reduce injury severity for vehicle occupants.
Around half of deaths of front seat occupants could be prevented by seat belts.
Motor vehicle users make up a high proportion of traffic injuries and deaths in high-income countries, and the proportion is increasing in low- and middle-income countries. It is vital that seatbelt use is increased in these countries.
Children should use restraints that are suitable for their height and weight. This reduces deaths of children by between 50% and 75%.
Mandatory seat-belt legislation, combined with public education campaigns, is effective at increasing seat belt wearing rates and thus reducing injuries and fatalities.
Continuous and fair enforcement of the law is essential for raising rates to a significant level. This requires strong commitment from both governments and enforcement agencies.
Together with legislation and enforcement, a well-designed marketing and publicity campaign is essential.
Educational programmes, combined with other activities, can help shift behavioural norms towards making seat-belt use more acceptable.
Evaluation should be an integral component of any programme. As well as providing information on the effectiveness of a programme, it will help identify if there are any problems in running it.